IC is based on proprietary ionic cupric copper complexes that penetrate and kill bacteria, algae, fungi and viruses by interfering with their metabolic processes [1].

How Ionic Copper kills algae and bacteria

Copper ions in the form of Cu2+ is very toxic to algae and bacteria interfering with the natural metabolic processes, such as membrane permeability, respiration, digestion, reproduction, and DNA replication [2]. All while being non-toxic to higher organisms [3].

The result? Clean, safe water you can feel good about.


[1] Determination of the Copper Concentration Toxic to Micro-Organisms
[2] Roles of Copper and O2 in the Radiation-Induced Inactivation of viruses
[3] Electrolytically generated copper ions to treat cooling water: an environmentally friendly alternative

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